Fourfold Effort/Application

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(cattari sammā-padhāņāni, catvāri samyak-pradhāņāni, 四正勤)is

  1. severing unwholesome things (akusala dhamma)
  2. preventing unwholesome things to arise
  3. starting new wholesome things (kusala dhamma)
  4. stabilizing wholesome things (or karma).

The Fourfold Right Severing (cattari sammā-pahāņāni, catvāri samyak-prahāņāni, 四正断)is a misinterpretation or mis-representation, because there are 3) and 4) (starting and stabilizing good things/karma).